Scientific Inquiry and Review

Submission Guidelines 

Scientific Inquiry and Review (SIR) accepts manuscripts in Vancouver Style Format. In text citation is given in numbers ordered from 1 to N… enclosed by parenthesis e.g. [1]. Once a source has been cited, the same number is used in all subsequent references.

Title: The title of the manuscript should be centered, short and specific. Title would be Level 1 Heading. Use Arabic numerals for heading’s numbers.

Abstract: Every manuscript would begin with an abstract that summarizes the content of the article in 150 to 250 words. The abstract would be 12 Time New Roman and italicize. Do not include references and abbreviations in abstract.

Keywords: Keywords would be in small letters, except some proper nouns. Separate each keyword with comma (,). Prefer two words or single word as key word to represent themes of your manuscript.

Levels of Headings: Use five levels of headings along with Arabic numerals and use decimal (.) for subsequent heading levels in a hierarchy. The font would be 12 Time New Roman.

Example:

Level 1: Pre-target Axon Sorting is Perturbed in the Absence of AC3 (Centered, Bold)

Level 2: Pre-target Axon Sorting is Perturbed in the Absence of AC3 (Bold, Flush Left)

Level 3: Pre-target Axon Sorting is Perturbed in the Absence of AC (Bold, Flush Left, Italic)

Level 4: Pre-target axon sorting is perturbed in the absence of ac3.  (Centered, Bold)

Level 5: Pre-target Axon Sorting is Perturbed in the Absence of AC3. (Centered, Not Bold)

Terminology, Units and Abbreviations:

  • Technical terms and abbreviations should be defined the first time they appear in the text.
  • Please always use internationally accepted signs and symbols for units, so-called SI units.
  • Numerals should follow the British/American method of decimal points to indicate decimals and commas to separate thousands.

Footnotes:

  •  Always use footnotes instead of endnotes and never use footnotes instead of a reference list.
  • Footnotes should not consist of a reference citation. Footnotes should not contain figures, tablesand/or the bibliographic details of a reference.

Equations and Program Code:

Key Style Points: Formal Style, Text formatting

  •  In Word, use the Math function of Word 2007 or 2010, MathType, or Microsoft Equation Editor with Word 2003 to create your equations, and insert the graphic into your text file as an object.

Figures and Tables:

  • All figures appearing in work must be numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
  • Each figure must have a caption fully explaining the content.
  • Figure captions are presented as a paragraph starting with the number i.e. Figure 1.
  • Figure captions appear below the figure.
  • Each figure must be fully cited if taken from another work.
  • all figures must be referred to in the body of the work.
  • Material that is tabular in nature must appear in a numbered captioned table.
  • All tables appearing in work must be numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
  • Each table must have a caption fully explaining the content with the table number i.e. Table 1.
  • Each column must have a clear and concise heading.
  • Tables are to be presented with a double horizontal line under the table caption, a single horizontal line under the column headings and double horizontal lines at the end of the table.
  • All tables must be referred to in the body of the work.
  • Each table must be fully cited if taken from another work.

For Example:

Table 2: Phytochemical Analysis of Methanolic Extract of Leaves

Experiment

 

Observation

 

Inference

Test for Alkaloids:

Mayer’s test

Yellow ppt.

Alkaloid present

Wagner’s test

Reddish Brown ppt.

Alkaloid present

Hagner’s test

Yellow ppt.

Alkaloid present

Dragendorff  test

Cloudy Appearance

Alkaloid present

References:

A numbered list of references must be provided at the end of the paper. The list should be arranged in the order of citation in the text.

Book Chapters


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Chapter or Article in Edited Book

7

7. Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.

Article in an Encyclopaedia

8

8. Ford-Martin, P. Cognitive-behavioral therapy. In: Thackery E, Harris M, editors. Gale encyclopedia of mental disorders. Vol. 1. Detroit (MI): Gale; 2003. p. 226-8.


Books


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Book: Single Author

9

9. Hoppert M. Microscopic techniques in biotechnology. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH; 2003.

Book: Two or More Authors

10

10. Gilstrap LC, Cunningham FG, Van Dorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.

Book: Organisation as Author

11

11. American Veterinary Medical Association. National Board Examination Committee. North American Veterinary Licensing Examination: bulletin of information for candidates. Bismarck (ND): The Committee; 2001.

Book: Government Agency as Author

12

12. Australia. Commonwealth Department of Veterans' Affairs and Defence. Australian Gulf War veterans' health study 2003. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia; 2003.

Book: No Author

13

13. The Oxford concise medical dictionary. 6th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2003. p. 26.

Book: Editor

14

14. Storey KB, editor. Functional metabolism: regulation and adaptation. Hoboken (NJ): J. Wiley & Sons; 2004.

Book: Different Editions

15

15. Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobyashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St Louis: Mosby; 2002.

Scientific/Technical Report

16

16. Lugg DJ. Physiological adaptation and health of an expedition in Antarctica: with comment on behavioural adaptation. Canberra: A.G.P.S.; 1977. Australian Government Department of Science, Antarctic Division. ANARE scientific reports. Series B(4), Medical science No. 0126.


Conference Papers


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Conference Paper in Print

17

17. Khalifa ME, Elmessiry HM, ElBahnasy KM, Ramadan HMM. Medical image registration using mutual information similarity measure. In: Lim CT, Goh JCH, editors. Icbme2008: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering; 2008 Dec 3-6; Singapore. Dordrecht: Springer; 2009. p. 151-5.

Conference Paper from the Internet

18

18. Cloherty SL,  Dokos S,  Lovell NH. Qualitative support for the gradient model of cardiac pacemaker heterogeneity. In: Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 27 Annual Conference; 2005 Sep 1-4; Shanghai, China. New York: IEEE; 2005 [cited 2010 Sep 2]. p. 133-6. Available from: IEEE Xplore.

Unpublished Conference Paper

19

19. Waterkeyn J, Matimati R, Muringanzia A. ZOD for all: scaling up the community health club model to meet the MDGs for sanitation in rural and urban areas: case studies from Zimbabwe and Uganda. Paper presented at International Water Association Devlopment Congress; Mexico; 2009 Nov 15-9.

Conference Proceedings

20

20. Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V: Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.


E-books


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

E-book

21

21. van Belle G, Fisher LD, Heagerty PJ, Lumley TS. Biostatistics: a methodology for the health sciences [e-book]. 2nd ed. Somerset (NJ): Wiley InterScience; 2003 [cited 2005 Jun 30]. Available from: Wiley InterScience electronic collection.

Chapter from an E-book

22

22. Jones NA, Gagnon CM. The neurophysiology of empathy. In: Farrow TFD, Woodruff PWR, editors. Empathy in mental illness. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press; 2007 [cited 2010 Aug 10]: 217-38. Available from: Ebook Library.

>Article from an Electronic Encyclopaedia

23

23. Lee HC, Pagliaro EM. Serology: blood identification. In: Siegel J, Knupfer G, Saukko P, editors. Encyclopedia of forensic sciences [e-book]. San Diego: Academic Press; 2000 [cited 2005 Jun 30]:1331-8. Available from: Science Direct Reference.


E-journals


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Journal Article from a Full Text Database

24

24. Abalos E, Carroli G, Mackey ME. The tools and techniques of evidence-based medicine. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol [serial online]. 2005 [cited 2010 Aug 6];19(1):15-26. Available from: ScienceDirect. http://www.sciencedirect.com/.

Journal Article from the Internet

25

25. Eisen SA, Kang HK, Murphy FM, Blanchard MS, Reda DJ, Henderson WG, et al. Gulf War veterans' health: medical evaluation of a U.S. cohort? Ann Intern Med [serial on the Internet]. 2005 [cited 2005 Jun 30];142(11):881+. Available from: http://www.annals.org/.


Internet Documents


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Electronic Document

26

26. Australian Insitute of Health and Welfare. Chronic diseases and associated risk factors [document on the Internet]. Canberra: The Institute; 2004 [updated 2005 June 23; cited 2005 Jun 30]. Available from: http://www.aihw.gov.au/cdarf/index.cfm.

Government Publication

27

27. Australia. Department of Health and Aged Care.  National youth suicide prevention strategy [document on the Internet]. Canberra: The Department; 2000 [cited 2005 Jul 1]. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/hsdd/mentalhe/sp/nysps/about.htm.

Internet Site

28

28. Lavelle P. Mental state of the nation. Health matters [document on the Internet]. ABC online; 2005 May 19 [cited 2005 Jul 1]. Available from: http://abc.net.au/health/features/mentalstate/.


Journal Articles


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Journal Article in Print

29

29. Drummond PD. Triggers of motion sickness in migraine sufferers. Headache. 2005;45(6):653-6.

Journal Article in Print: More Than Six Authors

30

30. Gillespie NC, Lewis RJ, Pearn JH, Bourke ATC, Holmes MJ, Bourke JB, et al. Ciguatera in Australia: occurrence, clinical features, pathophysiology and management. Med J Aust. 1986;145:584-90.


Newspaper Articles


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Newspaper Article in Print

31

31. Hatch, B. Smoke lingers for those who keep hospitality flowing. Australian Financial Review. 2006 Jul 13: 14.

Newspaper Article from the Internet

32

32. Devlin, H. Neuron breakthrough offers hope on Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. The Times [newspaper on the Internet]. 2010 Jan 28 [cited 2010 Jan 31]. Available from: http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/science/medicine/article7005401.ece.

Newspaper Article from a Full Text Database

33

33. Lampathakis, P. Tantrums seen as suicide warning. The West Australian [newspaper online]. 1997 Aug 11 [cited 2001 Nov 21]: 26. Available from: Factiva. http://global.factiva.com.


Podcasts


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Podcast

34

34. Robertson R. Leadership at the Bottom of the Earth…Where No One Hears You Scream. 2010 Sir Walter Murdoch Lecture. [podcast on the Internet]. Murdoch, WA: Murdoch University; 2010 [cited 2012 Jun 5]. Available from: https://lectures.murdoch.edu.au/lectopia/lectopia.lasso?ut=1369&id=71101.

Podcast Lecture from Lectopia

35

35. Hill, D. Australian Media Representation of Asia. [podcast on the Internet]. In Australia in Asia (FDN110).  Murdoch (WA): Murdoch University; 2012 Apr 4 [cited 2012 Jun 5]. Available from: https://lectures.murdoch.edu.au/lectopia/casterframe.lasso?fid=375705&cnt=true&usr=S940025F&name=not-indicated.

Podcast Radio Programme

36

36. Gary S. Black hole death ray. StarStuff [podcast on the Internet]. Sydney: ABC News Radio; 2007 Dec 23 [cited 2008 Feb 4]. Available from: http://abc.net.au/newsradio/podcast/STARSTUFF.xml.

Podcast Television Programme

37

37. Brown W, Brodie K, George P. From Lake Baikal to the halfway mark, Yekaterinburg. Peking to Paris: episode 3 [podcast on the Internet]. Sydney: ABC Television; 2007 June 4 [cited 2008 Feb 4]. Available from: http://www.abc.net.au/tv/pekingtoparis/podcast/pekingtoparis.xml.


Readers/Study Guides


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Reader

38

38. Vicary D, Bishop B. Western psychotherapeutic practice: engaging Aboriginal people in culturally appropriate and respectful ways. Aust Psychol. 2005;40:19. Reprinted in Introduction to psychology and culture (PSY246): unit reader 2009. Murdoch (WA): Murdoch University; 2009.


Secondary Sources


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Secondary Source: Citing

39

39. Gordis E. Relapse and craving: a commentary. Alcohol Alert. 1989;6:3. Cited by Mason BJ, Kocsis JH, Ritvo EC, Cutler RB. A double-blind, placebo controlled trial of desipramine for primary alcohol dependence stratified on the presence or absence of major depression, JAMA. 1996;275:761-7.

Secondary Source: Quoting

40

40. Charrow RP. PHS' Office of Scientific Integrity Review: housekeeping is in order. J NIH Res. 1991;3:103-106. Quoted by Rennie D, Gunsalus CK. Scientific misconduct: new definition, procedures, and office - perhaps a new leaf. JAMA. 1993;269:915-7.


Theses


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Unpublished Thesis

41

41. Hincks CL. The detection and characterisation of novel papillomaviruses. Biomedical Science, Honours [thesis]. Murdoch (WA): Murdoch University; 2001.

Published Thesis

43

42. Gruszczynski L. Regulating health and environmental risks under WTO law: a critical analysis of the SPS agreement. New York: Oxford University Press; 2010.

Thesis from a Full Text Database

43

43. Gethin, A. Poor suburbs and poor health: exploring the potential of a locational approach to reducing health disadvantage in Australian cities. PhD [dissertation]. Sydney: University of Western Sydney; 2007. Available from: Australasian Digital Theses Program.

 

 

 

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